How arrogant the new reinforced concrete house is;
An abandoned bamboo house is just as desolate.
The reality of life choices from new to old,
But some things always go beyond economy and technology,
Straight into the soul.
On the land where bamboo grows,
Let ’s breathe together, put our hands together, and evenly breathe,
Spit deep and sink in the bamboo house,
Make life and culture natural.
Bamboo is both wood and grass;
Architecture is both home and culture;
Time is both past and future.
We try not to go too fast, too far away from home ....
Bamboo is intertwined with Taiwanese from survival, life, livelihood, craftsmanship, furniture, architecture, and art. It is also an important guardian of Taiwan's land. However, with the rapid economic accumulation, only a few elders in the mountainous areas can build bamboo houses (bamboo cages) belonging to Taiwanese people. In the era when buildings were built up, the settlements that lived in harmony with this treasure island became increasingly blurred. Looking at the long branches of bamboo on the hills of the shallow mountains shaking, I suddenly remembered the four words "mo negative haze" in a small courtyard.
At the other end of the world, bamboo has been highly valued by Europeans and Americans in the past 20 years. In recent years, the bamboo industry trade has been exported from Asia to European and American markets, and the output value has already exceeded 1.5 billion US dollars. For example, bamboo furniture, bamboo installations, and even bamboo buildings have become representative of green fashion trends. Global climate change is intensifying, with the characteristics of low-carbon and environmentally friendly access, and bamboo materials are like a sustainable medicine that has been seen again. It has become one of the important solutions to environmental problems of international concern. The characteristics of bamboo are fully in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): "It can improve poverty, water and sanitation management, train technology, create jobs, cultivate circular economy industries, increase carbon dioxide storage, and establish sustainable operations. Bamboo forests can promote cooperation, etc. "
Bamboo building materials are enough to play an important role in the sustainable environment, and therefore have a natural whirlwind in the construction industry. Kuma Kengo, a well-known Japanese architect who is good at interpreting contemporary architecture with natural materials, in the commune under the Great Wall in 2002, created a contemporary refined low-precision building under the theme of "Bamboo House". Overnight accommodation of more than 30,000 Taiwan dollars is considered an important classic not to be missed. Known by CNN as the man who changed the Vietnamese skyline (Vo Trong Nghia), in the early days of his business, he was enthusiastic about green buildings and began to study the characteristics of bamboo in Vietnam. He started the design journey of bamboo buildings. It is now an internationally renowned green building. Master of Architecture.
In Taiwan, he is committed to the dialogue between locality and contemporaryness. His works have won numerous awards. He has also won the Taiwan Outstanding Architect Award 2019. He is the most representative bamboo architect in contemporary Taiwan. Bamboo architecture works in the past ten years are scattered across Taiwan; representative works include the bamboo facilities at Yunlin Huwei Agricultural Expo Base (2013), Taipei Hakka Park Bamboo Dream Market (2016), Waldorf Earth Experiment School (2017), long-term Committed to breaking through the non-standardized restrictions of bamboo and the constraints associated with Taiwan's building law.
Taiwan's common bamboo materials were used to replace the steel bone in the building, and a new bamboo method was constructed in Taiwan. Due to the different diameters of bamboo pipes, the end iron parts that standardized the specifications of bamboo rods have been developed by themselves to be used as a connection between different structures and foundation bases. And further develop the bamboo structure connection method of multi-directional joints, which can have different bamboo structure modes according to different scales, strengths and budgets. In addition to the contemporary aesthetics of bamboo in Taiwan, the advantages of up to 70% strength of steel, easy construction, rapid assembly, and the prevention of cracking at the ends of bamboo are the basic skills of bamboo construction accumulated over the past 10 years.
Opening the picture book that Gan Mingyuan used to carry with him, there are many sketches of bamboo buildings under development and various bamboo structure solutions. I was curious. In the architectural education in Taiwan that I have experienced, except for the poor traditional architectural electives, there has never been an education course on bamboo architecture. Architect Gan Mingyuan, who won the "Taiwan Far East Architecture Award" in 2005, why did he embark on the road of bamboo architecture that Taiwanese people have been reluctant to face? He replied without hesitation: "geographic relationship."
Long-term commitment to green building design planning. When the construction business was transferred, the family of Gan Mingyuan moved from Yilan to Yunlin Gukeng and settled down. It has direct cooperative contacts with neighboring bamboo producing areas such as Zhushan and Chiayi and the bamboo masters in the industrial chain. With regard to the use of bamboo in construction, in order to effectively deal with the problems of material properties, we cooperated with the Forestry Laboratory to dry at high temperature to eliminate the problem of insect pests that have been a long-term headache in Taiwan. In order to ensure the supply quality of bamboo building materials, Changminju Construction Engineering Co., Ltd. was established to independently resolve the stable source of bamboo building materials. And further tried various bamboo coating methods, in order to provide different units of use, to enrich the natural expression of bamboo choices.
Make up for 40 years of technical faults, "design" flips Taiwan bamboo fate
"Bamboo is not as easy to order as the wood. It looks like it meets the specifications after processing, but in fact it is still difficult to do." We chatted with bamboo, and Gan Mingyuan smiled bitterly. Frank Lloyd Wright, one of the greatest architects in the United States, once said: "Using the essence of materials, each material means a new form." The bamboo has a special texture, but it is difficult to control. The charm of Taiwan ’s bamboo architecture, due to the damp weather, socio-economic transformation, and the massive loss of artisan talents, bamboo architecture technology has shown faults for nearly 40 years. Bamboo cage Tsai is the most common construction method for Taiwanese dwellings. Changes, traditional buildings span, structural use, construction methods, ventilation lighting, etc. are facing the pain of condition selection.
Asked by Taiwanese people about their concerns about bamboo architecture, Gan Mingyuan was still looking for the answer with his eyes wide open: "Only through design can we turn the fate of bamboo architecture in Taiwan." On average, bamboo can become a building material in four years. In extreme climates in the future, the bamboo buildings inhabited by ordinary people can indeed provide one more sustainable and cultural choice. How to make Taiwanese, who are accustomed to fast economy, regain their trust in bamboo architecture, is one of the most important issues in Taiwan's built environment.